Pronunciation

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Alphabet (abėcėlė)

Letters English approximations Lithuanian examples Meanings
A, a father,
Sarah, cut
1) namas, kaina
2) vargas, kaina
house, price,
misery, price
Ą, ą father, car ąžuolas, žąsis, namą, rąstu oak, goose, house (acc.), log (instr.)
B, b but, rabbit bet, bėgti, pabandyti but, to run, to try
C, c mats, pizza tradicija, cukrus tradition, sugar
Č, č Church, match, chick čia, Čikaga here, Chicago
D, d door, bed dvejos durys, dabar two doors, now
E, e internet, met,
Al, mat
1) bet, nes
2) ledas, ežeras, peršokti
but, because,
ice, lake, overjump
Ę, ę Al, mat tęsti, pasimetęs, Kęstu, saulę to continue, lost, Kęstas (instr.), sun (acc.)
Ė, ė gay, French lėlė, saulė doll, sun
F, f fact, photography faktas, fotografija fact, photography
G, g get, leg miegas, gerovė sleep, welfare
H, h hair, hello, hawk hobis, herbas hobby, blazon
I, i it, pill mintis, likimas thought, destiny
Į, į eat, peel, she įdomus, mįslė, medį interesting, riddle, tree (acc.)
Y, y eat, peel, she yra, lyti is/are, to rain
J, j you, young, buy jaunas, danguje young, sky (loc.)
K, k scope, skit, rack kalnas, naktis mountain, night
L, l loud, lick lapas, liepa leaf/page, July
M, m mouse, mix mama, mušti, miegas mother, to beat, sleep
N, n name, any namas, nenorėti house, to not want
O, o all, aw,
short aw
1) voras, mano
2) telefonas
spider, my,
telephone
P, p spoon, pick pinigai, kampas money, corner
R, r Spanish rolled r ranka, kardas, reklama hand, sword, advertisement
S, s city, similar vasara, sausra, senas summer, drought, old
Š, š she, shock karštas, šaltas, šitas hot, cold, this
T, t stop, cat tėtis, tortas, katė, net father, cake, cat, even
U, u pull, good ugnis, kurčias fire, deaf
Ų, ų ooze, boo! senų, mūsų, draugų old (gen.), our (gen.), friends (gen.)
Ū, ū ooze, boo! sūris, ūgis, ūgiu cheese, height, height (instr.)
V, v voice, raven vėliava, kvailys flag, dork
Z, z zebra, reason zona, vabzdys zone, insect
Ž, ž decision, vision Žakas, žalias, žydras Jaques, green, light blue

Other consonants that are not in the alphabet:

Letters English approximations Lithuanian examples Meanings
ch Loch Ness, German brauchen, Bach chalatas, Cheopsas robe, Cheops
dz beds kamikadzė kamikaze
judge, gin eimsas, iova James, tuberculosis

Diphthongs (dvibalsiai)

Those of Lithuanian descent:

Diphthongs English approximations Lithuanian examples Meanings
ai kite,
???
1) aitvaras,
2) laikas
kite,
time
au bow,
no
1) kau,
2) laukas
mask,
field
ei ???,
hey
1) mei,
2) keiksmas
love,
swear
ie year, yeah ietis, pienas spear, milk
ui ??? muilas, kuilys soap, boar
uo oo-ah, wah akmuo, ruoša rock, chore

Those of other descent:

Diphthongs English approximations Lithuanian examples Meanings
oi boy boikotas boycott
eu soap Europa, Dzeusas Europe, Zeus
ou go klounas clown

Nasal Vowels (Nosinės balsės)

What are nasal vowels, you ask? In modern Lithuanian, the nasal vowels (ą, ę, į, ų) simply indicate that the vowel is pronounced longly, no matter if its syllable is stressed or not (žąsis, saulę, įdomus, mūsų).

In the old days these vowels used to be uttered through the nose; hence the name - nasal vowels. Today they're still being marked due to tradition. On the other hand, they're not simple vowels - they indicate a long vowel, as mentioned.