Nationalities

20 October 2013 by Pigmalijonas

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A couple of lessons ago you learned some country names. Now we will see how to call the natives of these countries:

Airija: airis - Irish
Amerika: amerikietis - American
Anglija: anglas - English
Argentina: argentinietis - Argentinian
Australija: australas - Australian
Baltarusija: baltarusis - Belorussian
Belgija: belgas - Belgian
Brazilija: brazilas - Brazilian
Estija: estas - Estonian
Ispanija: ispanas - Spanish
Italija: italas - Italian
Japonija: japonas - Japanese
Kanada: kanadietis - Canadian
Kinija: kinas - a Chinese person
Latvija: latvis - Latvian
Lenkija: lenkas - Polish
Lietuva: lietuvis - Lithuanian
Norvegija: norvegas - Norwegian
Olandija: olandas - Dutch
Portugalija: portugalas - Portuguese
Prancūzija: prancūzas - French
Rusija: rusas - Russian
Singapūras: singapūrietis - Singaporean
Suomija: suomis - Finn
Švedija: švedas - Swedish
Turkija: turkas - Turkish
Vokietija: vokietis - German

Note that country names start with a capital letter (Rusija), but nationalities are not capitalized (rusas).

There are two rules how to derive a nationality word:

The first rule is for those countries that have an affix ija: Anglija, Latvija, Rusija, Kinija (China), etc. For these countries you just have to drop the affix ija and add the ending as: anglas, latvis, rusas, kinas... However vokietis (a German man) and baltarusis (a Belorussian) have the ending is.

The second rule is for all the other countries that do not end with the affix ija: Amerika, Argentina, Kanada, Singapūras, etc. For these countries you must drop their ending (a or as) and add the affix ietis: amerikietis, argentinietis, kanadietis, singapūrietis...

Female nationalities are made as follows:

For the first rule: as becomes ė - anglė, latvė, rusė, etc.

For the second rule: is becomes ė - amerikietė, argentinietė, kanadietė, etc.

Word Meaning
anglas 1. English person
2. Englishman
lietuvis 1. Lithuanian
2. Lithuanian person
latvis 1. Latvian
2. Latvian person
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