Genitive Case (2)

2 October 2013 by Pigmalijonas

Level: A1
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known as kilmininkas in Lithuanian

As you remember from this lesson, a word in the genitive case means possession:

Tėvo sūnus. Father's son.
Jis yra mamos vaikas. He is a mother's child (= momma's boy).
Ar čia yra kompiuterio stalas? Is here a computer table?

In earlier lessons, we have only overviewed the singular endings of genitive nouns. Let's look at plural endings too:

stalas (table) : stalai (tables) : stalų (of tables)
brolis (brother) : broliai (brothers) : brolių (of brothers)
kambarys (room) : kambariai (rooms) : kambarių (of rooms)
siena (wall) : sienos (walls) : sienų (of walls)
Dalia : Dalios: Dalių
sesė (sister) : sesės (sisters) : sesių (of sisters)
televizorius (TV): televizoriai (TVs) televizorių (of TVs)

Notice that plural genitive endings are all ų, but sometimes there is a softening i too.

Čia yra televizorių kambarys, o ten - kompiuterių kambarys. This is the room of TVs, and there - the room of computers.
Jeigu perki stalo lempą, tai imk mano knygą. If you buy a table lamp, then take my book.

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