1 October 2013 by Pigmalijonas
see table of cases in lesson/temp/18
The new case that you will learn is called genitive, or kilmininkas.
If a word's ending is changed to this case, the word gets a possessive meaning. Let's see what that means.
In the previous lesson you have learned some family words. We can make them all genitive:
tėvas (father) becomes tėvo
brolis (brother) becomes brolio
sūnus (son) becomes sūnaus
mama (mom) becomes mamos
sesė (sister) becomes sesės.
You also remember some names. Let's make them genitive too:
Kazys becomes Kazio
Dalia becomes Dalios
When you change a word's ending into the genitive case, the word denotes a possession of (or a sort of relationship with) the previous word. It is equivalent to English 's:
father's = tėvo
brother's = brolio
son's = sūnaus
Just like in English, you have to add another word to say what belongs to what:
father's brother = tėvo brolis
brother's son = brolio sūnus
son's mother = sūnaus mama
mother's sister = mamos sesė
mother of Kazys = Kazio mama
Dalia's father = Dalios tėvas