Būti ar nebūti?

28 September 2013 by Pigmalijonas


Since you are introduced to pronouns, it's time to learn your first verb. It is going to be 'to be' and 'not to be': būti, nebūti.


esu (I am)
tu esi (you are)
jis, ji, jie, jos yra (he, she, they are)
mes esame (we are)
jūs esate (you are)


nesu (I am not)
tu nesi (you are not)
jis, ji, jie, jos nėra (he, she, they are not)
mes nesame (we are not)
jūs nesate (you are not)

As you notice, all verbs end in ti in their infinitive form. Remember this ending. In informal situations, however, it is often shortened to t (būt, nebūt).

Word Meaning
būti to be
Būti ar nebūti - štai klausimas.
To be or not to be: that is the question.
nebūti not to be
esu I am
esi you are
yra 1. he is
2. she is
3. they are
esame we are
esate you are
nesu I am not
nesi you are not
nėra 1. he is not
2. she is not
3. they are not
nesame we are not
nesate you are not
aš einu namo
I am going home


anton 27 August 2016 17:31
Wonderful lessons! The only thing I wish there was is marking the stressed syllables. That would be really helpful, since there's no audio. Should I pronounce Esu or esU, and so on?
Jo Alex SG 11 May 2021 09:04
The lessons are fantastic indeed but, as Anton has pointed out, it would be nice to have the indication of the stressed syllable in the words. Thanks again for this amazing course nevertheless!