Verb Conjugation in Haeyoche

24 November 2014 by kim

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Verbs in the Haeyoche speech level follow these rules of conjugation:

1) -hada → -haeyo

Verbs that end in -하다 (-ha-da) (verb 하다 itself means to do) is conjugated as -해요 (-hae-yo).

공부하다 gong-bu-ha-da → 공부해요 gong-bu-hae-yo
주문하다 ju-mun-ha-da → 주문해요 ju-mun-hae-yo

2) -ada / -oda → -ayo / -oayo

Verbs that have vowels ㅏ (a) and ㅗ (o) as the last character of the stem have the ending ㅏ요 (-ayo) added.

가다 gada → 가 ga + 아요 ayo → 가요 gayo
보다 boda → 보 bo + 아요 ayo → 봐요 boayo

3) -da → -eoyo

All other verbs are conjugated as ㅓ요 (-eoyo).

For verbs that have vowels other than ㅏ and ㅗ at the end of the stem:

마시다 masida → 마시 masi + 어요 eoyo → 마셔요 ma-syeo-yo (because 시 si + 어 eo makes 셔 syeo)
배우다 bae-u-da → 배우 bae-u + 어요 eoyo → 배워요 bae-wo-yo (because 우 u + 어 eo makes 워 wo)

For verbs that have a consonant at the end of the stem:

먹다 meokda → 먹 meok + 어요 eoyo → 먹어요 meokeoyo
읽다 ikda → 읽 ik + 어요 eoyo → 읽어요 ikeoyo

Word Meaning
하다 do
공부하다 1. learn
2. study
저는 문학을 공부해요
I study literature.
주문하다 1. order
2. request
가다 go
어디가는거야?
Where are you going?
보다 1. see
2. look
3. regard as
마시다 drink
배우다 1. learn
2. acquire
먹다 eat
이현애는 사과를 먹어요
Lee Hyeon-ae is eating an apple.
읽다 1. read
프랑수아는 책을 읽어요
François is reading a book.
2. peruse
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