Participles: padalyvis

6 November 2014 by Pigmalijonas

Level: C1
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Padalyvis is similar to pusdalyvis. They don't have cases or any forms, but they do have tenses.

Present tense padalyvis is made using the second main form of a verb, dropping the ending (a, i or o) and adding ant or int depending on what ending was dropped. For example: galvoja (he/she thinks) becomes galvojant, tyli (he/she is quiet) becomes tylint, klauso (he/she listens) becomes klausant.

Past tense padalyvis is made using the third main form of a verb, dropping the ending and adding us (if the verb is of the first or second conjugation) or ius (if the verb is of the third conjugation). For example: galvojo (he/she thought) becomes galvojus, tylėjo (he/she was quiet) becomes tylėjus, prašė (he/she asked) becomes prašius.

Past frequentative tense padalyvis is made using the infinitive without ti, adding dav and us. For example: galvoti (to think) becomes galvodavus, tylėti (to be quiet) becomes tylėdavus, prašyti (to ask) becomes prašydavus.

Future tense padalyvis is made using the infinitive without ti, adding siant. For example: galvoti becomes galvosiant, tylėti becomes tylėsiant, prašyti becomes prašysiant.

Padalyvis indicates an action that comes from an action of a different subject. For example:

Jonui dainuojant, Mantas klauso. While Jonas is singing, Mantas is listening.

Notice that the subject of padalyvis is in the dative case.

You may go back to see other participles.

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