Participles: pusdalyvis

6 November 2014 by Pigmalijonas

Level: C1

Dalyvis is a participle that is very similar to adjectives. Pusdalyvis is slightly less like an adjective, as it does not have tenses nor cases.

Pusdalyvis is made using the infinitive without ti, adding dam and an ending (-as, -a, -i or -os). For example, matyti (to see) becomes matydamas, matydama, matydami, matydamos. The ending depends on gender and number: as stands for masculine singular, a - feminine singular, i - masculine plural, os - feminine plural.

Pusdalyvis indicates an action that comes from another action of a subject and that happens at the same time. For example:

Jonas dainuodamas eina. Jonas goes while singing.
Mergaitė, matydama mane, bėga. A girl, while seeing me, runs.
Vaikai džiaugiasi žaisdami futbolą. Children are happy while playing football.
Moterys dirbdamos kalbasi. Women, while working, talk to each other.

You may go back to see other participles.

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