Personal Pronouns

5 November 2014 by Pigmalijonas

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There aren't many personal pronouns out there, so they're best shown on a table.

  I person II person III person
  I, me we, us you (singular) you (plural) he, his, him she, her they, them (masculine) they, them (feminine)
N. mes tu jūs jis ji jie jos
G. manęs mūsų tavęs jūsų jo jos
D. man mums tau jums jam jai jiems joms
A. mane mus tave jus juos jas
I. manimi mumis tavimi jumis juo ja jais jomis
L. manyje mumyse tavyje jumyse jame joje juose jose

Jūs is plural for 'you'. It is used in the singular only when you are speaking to someone whom you do not know well. It is polite to use jūs when addressing a person in a position of authority, teachers, elders, etc. Whereas tu is used among friends, family and when addressing a child.

Mokytojau, jums skambina. Teacher, you have a call. (formal)
Pauliau, tau skambina. Paulius, you have a call. (informal)

Examples with :

einu namo. I'm going home.
Namuose manęs laukia šeima. At home the family is waiting for me.
Jis man davė eurą. He gave me a euro.
Vakar gatvėje mane užpuolė. Yesterday at the street I was attacked (someone attacked me).
Niekas su manimi nedraugauja. No one goes out with me.
Manyje yra 60 procentų vandens. There are 60 percent of water in me.

Now you can see the impersonal pronouns.

Word Meaning
I
aš einu namo
I am going home
tu you
tu eini į mokyklą
you are going to school
jis he
ji she
ji valgo
she is eating
mes we
jūs you
plural second-person pronoun "you"
jie they
jos they

Comments:

Jeff Leer 29 March 2017 06:17
I think that, to be fair to the reader, any grammar of Lithuanian should use tone marking throughout.
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