Second Accentual Paradigm

14 November 2013 by Pigmalijonas

Level: B1
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There are four accentual paradigms of nouns, adjectives and other declinable parts of speech.

The second paradigm makes a word often be stressed in the stem, but in some cases in the ending too:

batas (shoe)
bato
batui
ba
batu
bate
bate!

batai (shoes)
ba
batams
batus
batams
batuose
batai!

Various declensions of nouns and adjectives have the ending stress in different cases. However, singular instrumental and plural accusative are always stressed in the ending (excluding nouns ending in -us).

tis (a dad)
čio
čiui

čiu
tyje
ti!

čiai (dads)
čių
čiams
čius
čiais
čiuose
čiai!

Kanada
Kanados
Kanadai
Kana
Kanada
Kanadoje
Kanada!

Kanados
Kana
Kanadoms
Kanadas
Kanadomis
Kanadose
Kanados!

Dovi
Dovilės
Dovilei
Dovi
Dovile
Dovilėje
Dovile!

Dovilės
Dovilių
Dovilėms
Doviles
Dovilėmis
Dovilėse
Dovilės!

skaičius (a number)
skaičiaus
skaičiui
skaičių
skaičiumi
skaičiuje
skaičiau!

skaičiai (numbers)
skaičių
skaičiams
skaičius
skaičiais
skaičiuose
skaičiai!

medinis (wooden sg m)
medinio
mediniam
medi
mediniu
mediniame
medinis...

mediniai (wooden pl m)
medinių
mediniams
medinius
mediniais
mediniuose
mediniai...

Comments:

Gil 23 November 2017 02:24
A simple rule for this class is that whenever the ending is short, the stress gets pulled towards it. So for -as words, the stress will fall on the ending in the ins. and loc. singular, because they are the short endings -u and -e. When the loc. singular ending is not short however, like -oje, yje, uje, the stress movement is not triggered.

Same rule for the accusative plural. All possible endings here are short, -us, -as -es. That's why the stress movement is triggered there but not in the other plural cases because they all how long endings.

Remembering this simple rule makes this accent class really easy :)
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