More Third Type Verbs

21 October 2013 by Pigmalijonas

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Here are four more third type verbs for you:

rašyti - to write
skaityti - to read
sakyti - to say
klausyti - to listen

The present tense third person (jis, ji, jie, jos) of them are:

rašo
skaito
sako
klauso

Memorize both the infinitive (rašyti) and the present tense (rašo).

Rašyti and skaityti require the accusative case for their objects:

Laimis rašo knygą. Laimis is writing a book.
Vytautas skaito Laimio knygą. Vytautas is reading Laimis' book.

Sakyti usually goes with an indirect object, hence the dative case:

Aš tau sakau. I'm telling you.

But it is also possible to use it with a direct object, hence the accusative case:

Mokytoja sako kalbą. The teacher is saying (giving) a speech.

Klausyti and prašyti require the genitive case:

Aš klausau mokytojo. I listen to the teacher (masculine).
Mes neklausome mokytojos. We don't listen to the teacher (feminine).
Prašau tavęs. I'm asking you.
Niekada neprašome dviračio. We never ask for a bicycle.

Surely, most of these verbs can be used without objects:

Jis visada klauso, bet negirdi. He always listens, but doesn't hear.
Ji niekada nerašo, nes visada skaito. She never writes because she's always reading.

Word Meaning
rašyti write
klausyti listen
skaityti read
sakyti say
prašyti 1. ask
prašyk atleidimo
ask for forgiveness
2. beg
Prašau tavęs!
I beg you!
3. request
Klientas prašo butelio vyno.
The client requests a bottle of wine.
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