6 November 2014 by Pigmalijonas
Padalyvis is similar to pusdalyvis. They don't have cases or any forms, but they do have tenses.
Present tense padalyvis is made using the second main form of a verb, dropping the ending (a, i or o) and adding ant or int depending on what ending was dropped. For example: galvoja (he/she thinks) becomes galvojant, tyli (he/she is quiet) becomes tylint, klauso (he/she listens) becomes klausant.
Past tense padalyvis is made using the third main form of a verb, dropping the ending and adding us (if the verb is of the first or second conjugation) or ius (if the verb is of the third conjugation). For example: galvojo (he/she thought) becomes galvojus, tylėjo (he/she was quiet) becomes tylėjus, prašė (he/she asked) becomes prašius.
Past frequentative tense padalyvis is made using the infinitive without ti, adding dav and us. For example: galvoti (to think) becomes galvodavus, tylėti (to be quiet) becomes tylėdavus, prašyti (to ask) becomes prašydavus.
Future tense padalyvis is made using the infinitive without ti, adding siant. For example: galvoti becomes galvosiant, tylėti becomes tylėsiant, prašyti becomes prašysiant.
Padalyvis indicates an action that comes from an action of a different subject. For example:
Jonui dainuojant, Mantas klauso. While Jonas is singing, Mantas is listening.
Notice that the subject of padalyvis is in the dative case.
You may go back to see other participles.