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 Post subject: Verb conjugation exception
PostPosted: 2009 09 29, 11:43 
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Joined: 2009 09 09, 11:16
Posts: 22
Location: Turnhout, Belgium
labas,

I have a question about the conjugation of verbs, more specific about the exceptions. The verb 'būti' is a complete exception because you don't take the second main form to make the conjugation in the present tense and now I was wondering if there are still other verbs of which the conjugation is completely different from the standard rule, or is ' būti' the only verb?

Ačiū

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 Post subject:
PostPosted: 2009 09 29, 16:28 
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Joined: 2006 09 08, 19:28
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Location: La Plata, Argentinos Respublika
There are no other irregular verbs like that one.

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 Post subject:
PostPosted: 2009 09 30, 08:04 
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Joined: 2009 09 09, 11:16
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Location: Turnhout, Belgium
thank you, Ačiū

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Tegul saulė Lietuvoj
Tamsumas prašalina,
Ir šviesa, ir tiesa
Mūs žingsnius telydi.

part of Lithuanian National Anthem


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 Post subject: "Some Unique features of Lithuanian"
PostPosted: 2010 04 25, 16:21 
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Joined: 2006 11 17, 05:49
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Location: CA USA (JAV)
Dr A. Klimas, in the Lituanus article http://www.lituanus.org/1984_3/84_3_05.htm" Some Unique features of Lithuanian wrote this
Quote:
V. Lithuanian has developed four different present tense conjugational patterns of the verb būti 'to be:'
(aš) esmi esu būnu būvu 'I am'
(tu) esi esi būni būvi 'thou art'
(jis) esti yra būna būva 'he is'
(mes) esame esame būname būvame 'we are'
(jūs) esate esate būnate būvate 'you are (pl)'
(jie) esti yra būna būva 'they are'

The first two patterns are really based on the ancient Indo-European root *es- 'to be,' and the last two are based on another Indo-European root *bheu-/*bhou-/*bhu-which also meant 'to be.' In the course of many centuries, even millennia, certain subtle semantic shifts have developed between these forms, and the normative, or school grammars of Lithuanian usually present only the second pattern, but all four are still used in various dialects and regions of Lithuanian. Although the form esm; 'I am' is at least 5,000 years old, it is exactly the same as in the reconstructed Proto-Indo-European. But the most mysterious form in the whole system is yra 'is/are.' Nobody can explain its origin, and some linguists surmise that yra is not even a verbal form as we understand it today, but a very ancient petrified noun, or, rather, an apellative word from those primordial times when no distinction was "felt" between what we today understand as a "noun" and a "verb." [Cf. Jonas Kazlauskas, Istorinė lietuvių kalbos gramatika, Vilnius, 1968.]


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