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Possessive pronouns
http://www.debeselis.net/forum/viewtopic.php?f=1&t=45474
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Author:  DzhMM [ 2014 07 30, 14:47 ]
Post subject:  Possessive pronouns

Howdy.

I come already grammatically-corrupted by slavic languages, and right away I see something on the language school section that worries me. It appears that perhaps Lithuanian possessive pronouns don't decline? There's certainly no indication in the lessons, but it just seems weird (there's that slavic language influence).

Could someone please confirm that in fact this is the case? That it would be:

Mano rankas
Mano rankuo
Mano rankui
Mano ranką
Mano ranku
Mano ranke

... and that 'mano' doesn't decline to match it's noun?

Author:  kusurija [ 2014 08 01, 09:49 ]
Post subject:  Re: Possessive pronouns

Ranka is feminine, not masculine.

sg.:
Mano ranka
mano rankos
mano rankai
mano ranką
mano ranka
mano rankoje
mano ranka

pl.:
mano rankos
mano rankų
mano rankoms
mano rankas
mano rankomis
mano rankose
mano rankos

Author:  ziggaboogi [ 2014 08 05, 11:06 ]
Post subject:  Re: Possessive pronouns

Yeah as far as I know possessive pronouns never decline in Lithuanian like some slavic languages. However pretty much everything else does.

Author:  DzhMM [ 2014 08 05, 17:18 ]
Post subject:  Re: Possessive pronouns

D'oh! So not only don't the pronouns decline -- they don't even gender-match.

Steals away my one good trick for figuring out new words' gender on the fly. Oh well..

...continuing. Does the instrumental case work with or without 'su'? For example, would I...

...valgau rankomis
or
...valgau su rankomis
?

My instincts say the first, but they've already been wrong about possessive pronouns...

Author:  Pigmalijonas [ 2014 10 23, 17:13 ]
Post subject:  Re: Possessive pronouns

You can actually decline "manas" to say "mana ranka", "manos rankos", but it's majorly outdated, only to be found in older literature.

The instrumental case doesn't need "su", although you can add it for emphasis. valgau rankomis means virtually the same as valgau su rankomis. But this only works when the instrumental case is used to designate an instrument.

In other uses of the instrumental case you cannot add "su":

einu gatve (walking on/down the street), einu su gatve
jis tapo mokytoju (he became a teacher), jis tapo su mokytoju

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